The Hebrews had settled and lived in Egypt for almost 150 years until things had turned bad for them. The Israelites had suffered slavery for almost 400 years and were under strict and harsh rule by The Pharoah.
LEAVE NOW....OR SUFFER!!!
After the Ten Plagues, Moses led the Exodus of the Israelites out of Egypt and across the Red Sea, after which they based themselves at Mount Sinai, where Moses received the Ten Commandments. After 40 years of wandering in the desert, Moses died within sight of the Promised Land. The Israelites settled in the Promised Land, which was called Cannan.
ATTACK THE GREEKS!!
The Israelites were in need of a king of their own. They believed that a king would unite the tribes and help the fight off the Philistines. Saul was chosen by prophet and judge, Samuel by God, to be the first king. The Kingdom of Israel was then formed. After a while, the Israelites were becoming displeased with Saul's extreme rulings and God saw that and chose a new king in secret, and that man was named David.
WELCOME TO ISRAEL
WE FINALLY HAVE A COUNTRY WE CAN CALL OUR OWN....THANK YOU GOD
The Northern kingdom (Israel) and southern kingdom (Judah) were taken over by the Roman Empire. Which was then overtaken by the Chaldeans, and it was at that time were thousands of Jews from the kingdom of Judah were being exiled (forced to leave their homes). During the exile the Israelite religion became what we call Judaism.
The Greek Epire was at battle with the Roman empire and the Romans had defeated the Greeks in a navy battle. The Greek ruler, Antiochus controlled Palestine and decided to make the Jews worship Greek gods and goddesses. Judas Maccabeus and his followers rebelled and formed an army called the Maccabees. They destroyed all traces of Greek gods and goddesses in their temple and rededicated it to the worship of God. This event was known as the Maccabean War.
For 2,000 years, most Jews lived outside of Palestine. They lived throughout the Mediterranean world and migrated farther to Southeast Asia, Central Europe, Russia, and eventually the United States. Their beliefs, traditions, and values were spread in these places. They also faced lots of hatred and persecution whilst being in these places. In A.D 1948, Palestine was divided and a new Jewish nation called Israel was created.