In 1848 the run for presidency was torn between the Whigs and Democrats. Both parties tried to ignore the issue of territorial slavery but did not succeed. People not satisfied by either party broke off to form a new political party called the Free-Soil Party. Led by Martin Van Buren, these Americans were those who were dedicated to "Free trade, free labor, free speech, and free men" advocating an end to slavery. Zachary Taylor of the Whig party ultimately defeated democrat Lewis Cass and became the 12th president.
Slavery in each territory should be decided by the people who settled there, not Congress.
I am the ideal candidate for president as a man without regards to creeds nor principles
In January of 1848 James W. Marshall found gold in the Sierra Nevada in California. The discovery immediately led to rapid population growth in the previously deserted California, allowing it to easily become a state by 1850. People from all over the country and abroad went to the state to try to find gold themselves.
From the Gold Rush the population of California went from 200 to 36,000 by 1852. Gold seekers took over land of indigenous people's and became known as the "forty-niners" based on their 1849 peak of arrival. In 1849 their state constitution was written, and it was officially a state by September of 1850.
I am going to be rich!
California became known as a place for new beginnings and a place where wealth could be easily acquired with hard work and good luck
The Gold Rush had some negative effects, but many positive ones as well including new forms of transportation and technology developments. Roads, churches and schools were built in California resulting from the population growth. Sophisticated methods of gold recovery were developed and steamships were invented.