Baptista announces to the public that Bianca will not marry anyone until Katherine is married. However, Lucentio, Gremio and Hortensia are all in love with Bianca. Therefore, Lucentio pretends to be a schoolmaster and Hortensio is in disguise as a music teacher to woo Bianca. Here, the contrast between the two sisters is used to reflect on the different attitudes men have towards them.
Katherine has a reputation of being a shrew because she does not obey anyone and always tries to take control. On the contrary, Bianca is known for her sweetness. Petruchio is a young bachelor that is on the prowl for a rich wife. Therefore, Gremio, Hortensia and Lucentio all agree that Petruchio would be the perfect husband for Katherine and would be able to 'tame' her as women are expected to be the submissive of men.
Sun or Moon
Petruchio first decides to use compliments to seduce Katherine, however, he soon realises that the only way to capture Kate's attention is to respond to her as she would. The conversation between Katherine and Petruchio portrays the power dynamic between the two as both characters are stubborn and bad-tempered.
As soon as Petruchio and Katherine got married, he stops being his charming self. He starves Katherine and forbids her to go to bed. Petruchio's treatment and attitude towards Katherine reveals his character and foreshadows their future relationship. This portrayal of the taming also depicts the misogyny in the society.
On their way to visit Katherine's father, Petruchio points out that the 'moon' is shining brightly. On the other hand, Katherine is determined that the 'moon' is the sun instead. In the end, Katherine gives up and compromises with Petruchio. This scene implies how Katherine has given up on her marriage and shows how she has learnt to obey.
The play ends with Katherine telling Bianca and the Widow about a woman's duty in a marriage. The speech highlights the standing of women in marriages, which also reflects on the real society. This scene depicts the result of Petruchio's taming. All in all, the whole play revolves around Petruchio and Katherine's marriage and the change in character throughout the play.