Keith Hudson, a Louisiana inmate, claimed that he was beaten by Marvin Woods and Jack McMillian, two prison guards, while their supervisor, Arthur Mezo watched.
Hudson decided to sue the prison guards in a Federal District Court under 42 U.S.C. 1983, which allows individuals to bring suit for the "deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution."
The Court ruled that the guards had used force when there was no need to do so, violated the Eighth Amendment, and that Hudson was therefore entitled to damages.
The Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed, however, finding that an inmate must demonstrate "significant injury" when he claim that his Eighth Amendment rights have been violated by the use of excessive force.
Must an inmate alleging that his Eighth Amendment right to be free from cruel and unusual punishment has been violated by the excessive use of force demonstrate "significant injury" to prevail on his claim?