The members who signed the Declaration were as follows, John Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman. Thomas Jefferson was the main author. The Main ideas were: All men possess unalienable rights. (Basic rights such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.) King is indirect violation of colonists rights i.e. taxation with out representation. "Social contract" - rulers should protect the rights of citizens-look out for their overall best interests.
Minutemen- American colonial militia members who were supposed to be ready to fight at a minutes notice. Minutemen were a hand-packed elite force and were selected from militia muster rolls by their commanding officers. They were chosen for their enthusiasm, reliability and physical strength.
Women ran farms and businesses while men served in the army. Some helped by raising money for supplies. Sewing groups to make uniforms.