After the French and Indian War, the colonies won the land west of the Appalachian Mountains, but Britain wanted to give that land to the Natives, so they made this Proclaimation to keep colonists from living in this reserved land, angering the colonists that already lived there.
They won't find them over here, this'll be our secret stash, okay?
The Sugar Act taxed all sugar and molasses, trying to raise more money for the British government, having spent so much money on the war. This was only affecting a small percentage of colonists, but the number would grow as the taxes continued.
This'll teach those Redcoats!
This was another tax that was placed to lower war debt, but this angered colonists even more. The stamp act taxed all printed materials, from newspapers to legal documents, this effected everyone. This was also when colonists started protesting and boycotting goods.
I can't believe they've shut down the harbor!
The Townshend Acts made things 10 times worse for the colonists, taxing everyday items like glass, tea, and paint. However, more and more colonists started smuggling and hiding goods for themselves, which lead to the British officers using Writs of Assistance to search for smuggled goods in homes, businesses and ships.
The Tea Act forced colonists to only buy tea from the BEITC, and made it twice as expensive as before. This was officially the last straw for colonists, showing them that protesting and smuggling wasn't enough, thus causing the Boston Tea Party. Colonists dressed as American Indians threw millions of dollars worth of crates of tea overboard.
As retaliation from the Boston Tea Party, Britain passed the Coercive Acts, better known as the Intolerable Acts to the colonists. This closed down the Boston Harbor, one of the largest ports in the colonies, until the colonists payed for all of the tea they threw overboard.