There were 2 different government systems in Kansas for a period of time because there was so much controversy about whether Kansas would be a slave state or against slavery.
This was called the Dred Scott Decision.
Sumner was beat with a cane, nearly to death because he was anti-slavery and because he made fun of the pro-slavery senator, Andrew Butler.
The Kansas-Nebraska act was an act that allowed the people to decided whether Kansas and Nebraska would or would not be a slave state.
The townspeople brought Brooks more canes to replace the one he beat Sumner with.
Dred Scott was a man who was a slave held by John Emerson. Once Emerson died, Scott went to court to gain his freedom back. He lived in Illinois and free Wisconsin Territory which meant he should be free.
DRED SCOTT CASE
He went to the Supreme Court with his case and Roger B. Taney, a Chief Justice, said that African Americans will never have the rights that whites have.
The federal government cannot stop the spreading of slavery.
Taney believed this because the Missouri Compromise broke the Fifth Amendment, which states that the government can't stop anyone from having a right to their property and legally, slaves were property.
THE FIFTH AMENDMENT
Both Lincoln and Douglas were running for a sear in the U.S. Senate. They had a debate to see who should win.
Lincoln stated in a convention, "I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved; I do not expect the house to fall; but I do expect it will cease to be divided."
At the Debate, Douglas stated, "It matters not what way the Supreme Court may . . . decide. . . . The people have the lawful means to introduce [slavery] or exclude it as they please."
Douglas won a seat in the Senate in this debate against Lincoln and his argument became known as the Freeport Doctrine.
SOUTH WANTS TO SECEDE FROM THE UNION!
In 1861, Southern States wanted to secede from the Union and become the Confederate States of America because they wanted to be independent and be able to have slaves.
James Buchanan was the president at this time and said that the states didn't have a right to leave the union but the federal government couldn't keep them in it if the state wanted to leave.