The Selma to Montgomery March happened on March 21-25, 1965. It was led by Martin Luther King Jr.
On February 18, 1965, in Perry County, AL, a state trooper shot a young african American man named Jimmie Lee Jackson. After Jimmie died a week later from wounds, leaders organized a march from Selma to the State Capital, Montgomery. This was to bring attention to the injustice of Jackson’s death, the police violence that was occurring, and the violations of African American rights.
The march was supposed to be on March 7, but when marchers got to the Edmund Pettus bridge, police were there. They ran people over with horses and attacked them. In total 50 people were injured. This is known as Bloody Sunday.
On March 9, Martin led a group of 2,000 back to the bridge. Police, once again, were there. This time, everyone prayed together and then they turned around and marched away.
Ten days after Bloody Sunday, President Lyndon B. Johnson ruled in favor of protesters and said there can be as many protesters as they want.
It started in Selma where there were only 3,000 people. By the end, 22,000 Joined the march. Johnson ordered 1,800 National Guardsmen and 2,000 soldiers to walk with them. They arrived at the capital on March 25.