Place refers to parts of the earth that are identified and given meaning by people. Places range in size from a part of a room or garden to a major world region.
Space refers to the location of different features of the Earth's surface and the ways in which these features are distributed, organised and managed.
Environments refers to all living and non living things in the natural and human world that support and enrich life. The world in which we live is made up of many different environments. Some environments occur naturally and some are altered by humans known as human environments.
Change refers to the dynamic nature of all things on the Earth over time. Some changes happen rapidly and are easily noticed and some that over a million years to change.
Interconnection refers to thee ways in which all things, events and processes on the earth are connected.
Sustainability refers to the ongoing capacity of the Earth to support and maintain all living things. Scale refers to the different levels at which geographical processes or events can be observed and investigated.