As the representative of Pennysilvania, I oppose the Compromise of 1850 because it upsets the balance between slave states and fee states
Northern Free States: Beliefs about congressional power
We believe that Congress should have the power to prohibit slavery in new states.
Northern Free States : Fears about the Compromise
Oh no! What if the Southerners take control of the senate and legalize slavery in all of the states? That would be terrible!
Northern free states opposed it because it upset the balance between slave states and free states. Also, abolitionist settlements were growing in the North because they opposed slavery.
Southern Slave States: why did they support it?
As a representative of Georgia, I support the Compromise because it preserves a balance in congress and it would be very helpful if we could expand westward.
Northern free states believed that Congress had the power to prohibit slavery in new stes
Southern Slave States: Beliefs about states rights?
neither congress nor any territorial government has the authority to ban slavery or regulate it in any way
Yes. Only State Governments have the power to do so. I support their rights.
Northerners feared that the Southerners would take control of the Senate and legalize slavery in new states
Southern Slave States: Fears about the Compromise?
If we become outnumbered in congressional representation, we would lack the power to protect our interests in property and trade.
And what if California was admitted as a free state? New Mexico and Utah would do the same and outnumber the slave states!
Southerners supported the compromise becuase it preserved a balance in congress and expanding westward would be helpful.
Southerners believed that neither congress or any territorial government had the authority to ban slavery or regulate it in any way. They believed that only state governments had the power to do so and they supported states' rights
The South feared that if they became outnumbered in congressional representation, they would lack the power to protect their interests in property and trade. They were afraid that if California was admitted as a free state, New Mexico and Utah would do the same and outnumber the slave states.