Sun Yixian was the first great leader of Kuomintang, a group pushing for modernization and nationalism.
Mao Zedong was an assistant librarian at Bejing University who later became one of China's most powerful Revolutionary Leader.
Jiang Jieshi was the successor of Sun Yixian, and the son of a middle-classed worker.
In April, 1927, Nationalist forces moved into Shanghai and killed many Communist leaders and trade union members in city streets.
In 1933, Jiang gathered an army of at least 700,000 men. Jiang’s army then surrounded the Communists’ mountain stronghold. Outnumbered, Communist Party leaders realized that they faced defeat. In a daring move, 100,000 Communist forces fled. They began a hazardous, 6,000-mile-long journey called the Long March.
Mao declared the "Great Leap Forward" in early 1958. The plan called for large collective farms called "communes", that supported over 25,000 people. The peasants that lived in these communes had a strictly controlled life, and had no incentive to work since their work only benefited the state. This plan was overall not successful because poor planning and ineffective home industries stopped growth, so it was ended in 1961 after a large famine.