Colonists started coming from England in the early 1600s. They were coming to the New World for various reasons: land, wealth, starting over, as indentured servants or escaping religious persecution.
No taxation without representation!!
In the mid 1700s, the British Army and the British colonists fought the French and Indians for the Ohio River Valley. The British came out victorious and gained a lot more land. Unfortunately, the war left England horribly in debt and without a good way to pay it off, so England thought of a plan to tax the colonists to pay off all the debt .
I am a Patriot and will no long comply with British Law!!
Give me Liberty or give me death!! - Patrick Henery
What you are doing is treason!
The king will kill you all for rebellion against him!
Parliament in England passed the Quartering Act in 1765 which forced colonists to house soldiers and provide food, drink and shelter to them. The colonists weren't pleased that Parliament didn't ask them what they thought about the new Act and that their thoughts weren't represented. A common phase among the colonists was "No taxation without representation" because England was not only passing acts like the Quartering Act without colonists' permission, but they were also taxing many items, like tea, which led to the Boston Tea Party.
In retaliation to unfair British rule and no representation in Parliament, the colonists took it upon themselves to send a message to England. One night in 1773, disguised as Indians, some of the colonists snuck onto a ship carrying tea and dumped all the tea into the Boston Harbor. Previously, there had been a tax on tea that again the colonists didn't have a say in and they needed England to get that message.
Because the colonists had turned Boston Harbor into the largest cup of tea in history, the British thought that America should pay for it. The Harbor was closed until all the tea that was dumped was paid for. The closing of the Harbor severely hurt the colonists' way of making money and more tensions developed between the British soldiers and people loyal to England on one side, the Loyalists and the colonists on the other.
The rule of England on us is over!
Eventually all those tensions led to the first shot in the American Revolution at Lexington and Concord in 1775. There was a lot of lead-up to the war like all the Acts and Laws passed by England without consent from the colonies and the Boston Tea Party and the Boston Massacre. Most notably there was the French and Indian War which started all the taxing on the colonies for money for England to pay back war debt. Plus, the colonies never had a say in what happened to them; there was not a representative in Parliament to voice what all the colonies really thought and felt.