They represent lower class uneducated pawns of people with high statues (working class). "...Simon found the fruit they (the littluns) could not reach, pulled off the choicest from up the foliage, passed them back down to the endless, outstretched hands." (page 57)
In lord of the flies, the fire shows symbolization for two things, one being hope ( of being rescued ), and the other being destruction. "Look at us! How many are we? And yet we can't keep a fire going to make smoke. Don't you understand ? Can't you see we ought to die before we let the fire go out? There was a self conscious giggling among hunters...But I tell you the smoke is more important than the pig. However often you kill one"(69).
The conch symbol symbolizes civilization and 'order' in the novel. "We can use this to call the others. They'll come when they hear us"(16).
The beast symbolizes savagery growing in the boys. " 'There isn't anyone to help you. Only me. And I'm the beast.... Fancy thinking the beast was something you could hunt and kill!" (143)
The painted faces of the boys represent the power of anonymity and the transition into savagery. "The chief was sitting there. Naked to the waist. His face blocked out on white and red. The chief's blush was hidden by the white and red clay"(161).
Piggy's glasses represent technology and intellect in society "His specs-use them as burning glasses"(40).