Bicameral legislature with representation determined by state population.
Unicameral legislature with one vote per state.
Bicameral legislature with the lower house representation determined by state population and upper house with two people representing each state. Chosen as a compromise between the Virginia and New Jersey Plans.
Power of the Executive branch
One issue at the constitutional convention was how powerful the state and federal governments should be. It would be decided that federal law would be supreme over state law.
Another issue at the Constitutional Convention was how much southern slave should be counted as when it came to representation for seats in the house and for taxation. The delegates would compromise that slaves should be worth 3/5 of a person when it came to representation and taxation.
Something else that the delegates at the Constitutional Convention had to agree on was how powerful the presidency should be.