“It is better to risk saving a guilty man than to condemn an innocent one.” (Document 2B)
Background : Francois Marie Arouet, who eventually adopted the pen name Voltaire, was born in France in 1694. His mother died when he was very young, and he came under the influence of his free-thinking godfather, the Abbé de Châteauneuf. Voltaire attended a Catholic college in Paris,
Achievement: Voltaire’s ideas about religious tolerance and free speech greatly influenced early American political thinkers, who demanded that freedom of religion and free speech be included in the U.S. Bill of Rights.
Published Works: His most famous book, Candide (1758), attacked the French court and the power of the Catholic clergy with biting humor.