“The Bible shows the way to go to heaven, not the way the heavens go.” (Document 2B)
Background : Galileo Galilei was born in the Italian city of Pisa. When Galileo was 17 he went to the University of Pisa and became fascinated with mathematics. He decided to make the study of mathematics and philosophy his profession. He quickly rose to fame with his ingenious theories about the nature of gravity.
Achievements: Most scholars in Galileo’s time thought that the ideas of classical authorities such as Aristotle could never be improved upon, and should just be accepted. Galileo rejected this way of thinking. He used scientific method of experiment and observation to investigate the world. Galileo was especially interested in problems of motion. In ancient times, Aristotle had claimed that heavy objects fall faster than lighter ones. Galileo disproved this by dropping objects of different weights off the famous leaning Tower of Pisa. He observed that objects of different masses hit the ground at the same time, in contrast to what Aristotle’s theory predicted.