Northern Free States: Feelings about state additions?
If Missouri becomes a slave state, we demand that Maine become a free state. This would balance the number of free and slave state seats in Congress.
Northern Free States: Feelings about the 36°30′ line?
Since there is more land in the Louisiana Territory above the 36°30′ line, the North has more opportunity in expanding their anti-slavery ideals. However, they were mad that the South had the authority to add states created from Mexican lands .
Northern Free States: Who was involved?
Balance the number of slave and free states!
We must prevent the slave states from gaining power from the addition of new territories.
Northerners felt like the balance between the slave and free states was relieved because the slave and the free states had the same number of states in Congress. Adding just Missouri would have affected the Northerners detrimentally. In addition, they wanted Congress to decide whether a new state should be free or slavery-supporting.
Southern Slave States: Feelings about state additions?
We must make slavery spread in new territories to grow more cotton.
Without slavery, we will not be able to make a profit and we will be forced into bankrupcy.
They liked it because most of the land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase was above the 36°30′ line. So they had more opportunities for expansion. However they were mad about Texas becoming a slave state because it was below this line.
Southern Slave States: Feelings about the 36°30′ line?
The Southerners supported the 36°30′ line because it gave them more opportunities to expand into the lands in the West. The line didn't prohibit slavery, making the Southerners happy. It also prevented the North from getting the lands in the South.
Stephen Douglas and Lewis Cass were the leading Congressmen involved in the debate that resulted in the Compromise. They made sure that the demands of the North were included and represented in the Compromise, giving the Northerners a chance for expansion for free states.
Southern Slave States: Who was involved?
For Slavery! To expand the power of the South! Then we could enforce our economic security by growing cotton and other cash crops.
The Southerners feared there was a possibility of there being more free states than slave states. Then the US would be closer to limiting slavery and the South would lose seats in Congress. . If slavery was limited, it would be closer to being abolished. If slavery was abolished, it would be harder to farm cotton , an important cash crop for Southerners.
Even though the 36°30′ made the Northerners happy, the Southerners were also happy because slavery would continue. They would also more opportunity for slavery because they could still get the lands in the West. So this decision did not abolish slavery, which the South was happy about. It prevented the North from getting territories in the South.
Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun were the leading Southern congressmen involved in the debate that resulted in the compromise. They both supported the ideals of slavery and pushed forward for the expansion of slavery, which the South heavily relied on. This would allow slavery spread outward toward the West.