Hyperbole-xaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
Jose thinks he's the class clown
Metaphor-a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Simile-a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid
My dog is as smelly as dirty socks
Euphemism-a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.
My gold fish passed away
The wine is calling my name
Personification- the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
Irony-the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.