Segregated schools violate the Equal Protections Clause of the 14th Amendment!
Although public school segregation has negative effects and promotes racial inequality, it is constitutional.
With the verdict of Plessy v Ferguson in 1896, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation was constitutional as long as conditions were "separate but equal". The Fourteenth Amendment also granted citizenship and equal rights to African Americans.
THIS ISN'T OVER!
In 1951, Oliver Brown and the NAACP filed a class action lawsuit against the Board of Education in Topeka, Kansas
We all agree
The US District Court of Kansas upheld the ruling of Plessy v Ferguson.
"We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal".
Brown and his attorney, Thurgood Marshall, took the case to the US Supreme Court in 1952. The Court was extremely split over the issue and decided on a rehearing in 1953.
With the death of Chief Justice Vinson, the new CJ, Earl Warren, was able to bring the Court to a unanimous decision in 1953.
On May 17th, 1954, Chief Justice Earl Warren gave the ruling over the Brown v Board case. This unexpected verdict effectively overturned the Plessy v Ferguson ruling; however, it did not specify a specific end date to school segregation.