"Spirit, said Scrooge, with an interest he had never felt before, tell me if Tiny Tim will live." This quote shows that Scrooge cares for more than just money, and that he actually cares for Tiny Tim.
Everyone deserves a second chance
"What idol has displaced you? he rejoined. A golden one." This quote shows that money became more important than Belle, and that after he loses Belle he realizes money can't buy happiness.
Treat everyone with respect
".......and wished to keep him by his side, and dreaded that he might be taken from him." This quote shows to enjoy every moment you can with your family, and to never take it for granted cause we won't be here forever.
"I mean to give him the same chance every year, weather he likes it or not, for I pity him." This quote means that Fred is giving Scrooge a second chance to be happy.
".... an animal that growled and grunted sometimes, and talked sometimes and lived in London, and walked about the streets, and wasn't made a show of, and wasn't led by anybody.