Protein Synthesis

Protein Synthesis
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  • Transcription
  • Hi my name is Terry and I am going to teach you about transcription.
  • Transcription
  • Vocab
  • That's great Terry, let's go back over some learned vocab.
  • Transcription is the first step to Protein Synthesis. It occurs in nucleus (area in which the DNA is housed). The nucleus is also known as the brain of the cell, controlling what happens in the cell. The four bases of RNA are Uracil (U), Adenanine (A), Guanine (G), and Cytosnine (C). 
  • Translation
  • I'm Nick and I am going to teach you about translation.
  • The RNA polymerase will copy a portion of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid, double stranded). It will then use that to make mRNA (messenger RNA) that takes instruction from the DNA to ribosome in the nucleus. Keep in mind that DNA and RNA( single stranded, ribonucleic acid) are both nucleic acids, as seen in the names.
  • Translation
  • DNA is deoxyribonucleic acid and is double stranded. RNA is ribonucleic acid and is single stranded. mRNA is messenger RNA that takes instruction from DNA to ribosome protein. Nucleus is the brain of the cell.
  • Vocab
  • Thank you Nick, let's recap over the vocab we just learned.
  • Translation is the second step to Protein Synthesis. The ribosome produces protein, and reads amino acids brought by the transfer RNA(tRNA). The ribosome reads the amino acids(building blocks of proteins) in groups of three, called codons. 
  • This process will create the polypeptide chain, a chain of amino acids. The polypeptide is the building block of proteins. The end product will result in a complete strand. This complete strand is a new protein that has been created.  
  • tRNA is transfer RNA that brings amino acids to assemble the polypeptide chain. A ribosome produces protein. Protein is the building block of many important things, such as bones. A polypeptide chain is a chain of amino acids. Amino acids are building blocks of proteins. A codon is a group of three amino acids.
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