Hiero got the crown. A few days before the ceremony, he heard rumours that the goldsmith had given him a crown not of pure gold, but of gold that had silver mixed in it. The rumours said had replaced some of the gold that Hiero had given him, with an equal weight of silver.
Hiero believed there was only one man in Syracuse capable of discovering the truth and solving his problem. This was his cousin, Archimedes, a young man of 22, who was already renowned for his work in mathematics, mechanics and physics.
Deep in thought, pondering how best to solve the king’s problem, Archimedes walked to the public baths for his daily bath. Still thinking about the golden crown, he went through the rituals of cleansing and washing, and stepped into a tub of cool water for his final dip.