Rome is located in Italy, which includes a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. The Italian peninsula is shaped a lot like a boot and reaches into the Mediterranean Sea with its toe pointed toward the island of Sicily.
Etruscan influence of sports
The Romans have a myth about the founding of their city. Long ago, the story explains, a princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus. The boys' father was Mars, the Roman god of war. The princess's uncle—the king—was afraid the boys would grow up to take his throne, so he ordered his men to drown them in the Tiber River. However, before the twins drowned, a wolf rescued them.
Greek influence of architecture
The Romans became excellent builders because they learned many techniques about engineering, or the science of building, from the Etruscans. Two important Etruscan structures the Romans adapted were the arch and the cunicules. The Romans adapted both of these structures and, in time, became even better engineers than the Etruscans. They used arches to build huge public works, including bridges, stadiums, and aqueducts to carry water over long distances.
Greek influence of writing, art, and religion
Romans also adapted two bloody Etruscan sporting events. Etruscan spectators enjoyed watching chariot races. The charioteers, or drivers, were strapped to their chariots. If a chariot overturned, they could be dragged under the chariot's wheels or trampled by the horses. These fierce competitions often resulted in injury or death.
The Romans borrowed and adapted ideas from the Greeks, as well as the Etruscans. Greek architecture was one important influence on the Romans. The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. Temples like the Parthenon had stately columns that added to their beauty.
The Greeks carved important documents, such as laws and treaties, into bronze or stone plaques, some of which were displayed in the public squares. The Romans also carved inscriptions in walls and columns for all to see. The Romans eagerly brought the work of Greek potters into their homes. Roman artists imitated the technique, but developed their own style.The Romans adapted many of the Greek gods as their own, but they gave them Roman names.