Geography and the Early Development of Rome

Geography and the Early Development of Rome

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  • Geography and Location of Rome
  • Welcome to Rome!
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • This is where the wolf decided to save the twins. She then raised them, and treated them as her own.
  • Influence of Etruscan Engineering
  • These arches are my favorite!
  •   Rome was located between Etruria and Greece. The Italian Peninsula that Rome, Etruria, and Greece are located on, resembled the shape of a boot, and the toe reaches into the Mediterranean Sea, pointing towards the island of Sicily. Perhaps around the time of 700 B.C.E, a Latin tribe built the town that is now known as Rome. You will see the myth on how the Romans believed their city was founded.
  • Influence of Etruscan Sports
  •  The myth: a princess had just given birth to twin boys Romulus and Remus. The princess had an uncle that was not so fond of them, so, he attempted to kill them by throwing them into the Tiber River. They were rescued, and raised by a wolf. When they grew up, the boys decided to build a town on the Tiber River, but they could not agree on a name, resulting in a fight. Romulus ended up killing Remus, and the city was named Rome.
  • Influence of Greek Architecture
  • Beautiful city is it not? Well, thank the Etruscans, and Greeks! They were the ones who influenced us!
  •     Romans were heavily influenced by Etruscan engineering. Two things that were adapted from Etruscan engineering were the cuniculus, and the arch. The cuniculus was a long underground trench. This trench came in handy for irrigation, draining swamps, and to distribute water to the cities. The arch created by the Romans was strong, and just like the Etruscan arch contained a keystone to hold the other stones tightly intact. 
  • Influence of Greek Art, Writing, and Religion
  •     Romans adapted chariot racing from Etruscan sporting. Chariot races were loved by spectators, even thought they were often brutal, and almost always ended in injury or death. Charioteers were strapped to their chariot, and if that chariot were to overturn, the man could be dragged under the wheels of the chariot, or trampled by the horses.
  • I am a charioteer, and this is my trusty steed.
  • Romans were also heavily influenced by Greek architecture. Like Greeks did, the Romans built temples for their gods. Romans also had Greek designs in their public buildings. They eventually learned to use concrete to create bigger structures, like the Pantheon. Romans used concrete to create huge stadiums like the Colosseum. Remember chariot racing from earlier? Well, the Colosseum is where this sport, and others were held.
  • Romans were heavily influenced by Greek writing, art, and religion. For instance, like the Greeks, the Romans wrote in all capital letters, but they carved inscriptions into walls and columns around the city, while Greeks carved important documents into bronze. They were influenced by Greek art, pottery in particular. Lastly, Romans believed in many gods like the Greeks did, but altered their names. For example, Zeus became Jupiter.
  • This is a Roman Catholic Church.
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