The Old Man and the Sea Humanities 9 Genevieve Goodspeed
Santiago sees that the sharks have come for the marlin, but hasn’t given up yet. He wants to keep going and trying to fend them off despite the odds.
(Speech) “But man is not made for defeat,” he said. “A man can be destroyed but not defeated" (Hemingway, 102).
(Thoughts) “Only I have no luck anymore. But who knows? Maybe today. Every day is a new day. It is better to be lucky. But I would rather be exact" (Hemingway, 31).
Santiago thinks that while he may be unlucky now, he may have better luck in the future. He also believes that if he is precise in his work and continues to try, he can make his own luck.
(Effect on others) “The old man had taught the boy to fish and the boy loved him” (Hemingway, 9).
Santiago spent years teaching Manolin how to fish, starting when he was five years old. He taught the boy to be as persistent and resilient as he was, and the boy respected him greatly for it.
(Actions) “They had gone one day and one night with their elbows on a chalk line on the table and their forearms straight up and their hands gripped tight. Each one was trying to force the other’s hand down onto the table” (Hemingway, 68).
Santiago spent a day and a night arm wrestling because he wanted to win. He was determined to beat the man he was up against, and worked 24 hours to do it, ignoring how tired he was.
He resisted the urge to give up and fought on.
(Looks) “The blotches ran well down the sides of his face and his hands had the deep-creased scars from handling heavy fish on the cords” (Hemingway, 1).
The scars on his hands show that he worked through pain to catch fish and make a living. He persisted through obstacles, like pain and injury, to attain his goals.