A sudden transition from a command to a market economy left a 2,600% inflation in 1992. Industrial companies now have to buy and seel their own goods with a new market economy in place. Prior to the independence of Moldova from the USSR, 60% of the population were farmers, and after the transition many of these people emigrated or got poverty due to unemployment and a trash economy. In 2001, reforms improved the economy by a little 5-10% per year.
Where am I supposed to find jobs in this new market economy?
Transnistria broke off from Moldova after a brief 1992 war. Transnistria is pro-Russia and the the most of Moldova is pro-European. The declaration of the new state is not officially recognized by most nations, including Moldova. The region is almost entirely financially and politically reliant on Russia. Their goal is to join Russia.
Moldova should join Europe!
Moldova should join Russia!
After USSR control, pro-Western parties gained power and instilled Moldovan Nationalism. Minority regions feared this new government and thought it would drown their own sense of nationalism. As a result of this fear, the Communist party took advantage of the hopes of the minorities and gained power. This is a rare case in which the government goes from a pro-Western government to a communist-dominant government. Political infighting and scandals have made both sides implode, causing political instability all across the board.
I am a corrupt politician! If you vote for me, I will fight with my own affiliated party!
As of November of 2014, 51% of Moldovans support EU membership. The minorities and Communist party are in disapproval of Moldova joining the EU, and instead, want to become more affiliated with Russia. Lucky for the Communists, the EU has declined Moldova membership due to its poor economy and disputes with Transnistria. Some Moldovans are so pro-European that they even want to integrate with Romania, without a second thought for the minorities who also live in the country.
I wanna join the EU!
Your EU membership has been hereby declined: you're too poor and you have land disputes with Transnistria.
During the later years of the USSR, the USSR changed the official language from Russian to Moldovan (Romanian) in Moldova, which intensified the Gagauze people (a Christian Turkic people) as they feel the Russians overlooked their language. Present day, the Gagauze are in support of the pro-Russian political parties, as they feel the pro-European parties are too nationalistic. On December 23, 1994, the Moldovan parliament voted and accepted Gagauzia as a "national-territorial autonomous unit," which means that they govern themselves for the most part. December 23rd is now a Gaugaze national holiday.
December 23rd! Woohoo!
Connor McEnany Slide 1 - Command to Market Economy Slide 2 - Moldavan-Transnistrian Conflict Slide 3 - Post USSR Politics in Moldova Slide 4 - Moldovan-EU Status Slide 5 - Gagauzia