Water Pollution occurs when chemicals, microorganisms, or any other harmful substances contaminates a body of water such as a lake or stream.
The Most Common Types of Water Contamination
Water is highly vulnerable to pollution as it is able to dissolve the most substances, and is known as the "Universal Solvent." Farms, towns, and factories toxic substances easily mix with the water, creating pollution.
What Are the Effects of Water Pollution?
Categories of water pollution include groundwater, surface water, ocean water, point source, non-point source, and transboundary. Pesticides and Fertilizers tend to fall into most of these categories of water pollutions.
What Can You Do to Prevent Water Pollution?
The most common types of water contamination stem from the agricultural industry, sewage and wastewater, oil pollution and radioactive substances. Nutrients from agriculture end up in water creating algae blooms, and oil pollution destroys marine life and habitats.
Water pollution effects both human health and the environment. Pollution killed 1.8 million people in 2015 and sickens 1 billion people, with low income communities disproportionately at risk. Pollution in the environment affects a complex web of animals, plants, bacteria, and fungi, with the slightest thing throwing the entire web off.
We can prevent water pollution with our actions by reducing plastic consumption, properly disposing of chemical cleaners, oils, and non-biodegradable items, and maintaining our car, yard, and picking up animal waste. We can also use our voice to reach out to government officials and show our support towards the Clean Water Rule.