Before the French Revolution, France had three estates. The first estate was the clergy. The clergy was the smallest estate, with around 100,000 people. They lived in luxury and collected taxes from peasants.
The second estate was the nobles. The nobles had around 400,000 people. They had almost complete authority over peasants, and collected tolls without paying many taxes themselves.
The third estate was the peasants. The peasants made up around 90% of the population. They were forced to do military service, the could not hunt or fish on most land, they had to pay taxes, and pay to use mills, wine presses, and ovens.