We are here today to discuss the establishing of a creed.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Christiantiy remained strong because of its strong organization. Each church was headed by a bishop with help from deacons, deaconesses, and elders. The bishops in the most important Christian communities(Rome, Jerusalem, Alexandria, Antioch, and Constantinople) were known as patriarchs.
Dear Lord, I pray that...
The differences between the Eastern and Western Christian began when the bishop of Rome declared himself Pope, or the head of all of the Churches. He made the claim the Jesus selected Peter to be the Pope, and Peter then traveled to Rome to become the first bishop there. He declared that the bishops following Peter had the right to become the Pope after his passing. The Eastern patriarchs did not agree with this arguement nor accept.
Destroy the icon!
When the Christian religion grew, different groups started to argue about Jesus's nature. Because of this, the emperor Constantine concluded that the religion needed a clear set of beliefs to settle the arguements. This set of beliefs, or creed, became what is known as the Nicene Creed. Bishops met in Nicea in the year 325 to create this creed.
Roman Catholic Church
Eaststern Orthodox Church
Another disagreement the two sides of the church had was whether icons should be used for worship. Icons were holy images that some of the Christians in the Byzantine Empire used to worship. They felt that praying to an icon was a pathway to god. Others however, felt differently about icons.
Some people felt that worshipping icons was like worshipping an object, not a god. As a result, several Byzantine emperors attepmted to stop icon worship in the 700's. These iconoclasts, or image breakers, order their followers to go into churches and destroy icons. This infuriated Christains in Western Europe because they utilized icons as a way to teach people about God. Although the iconoclasts abandoned their campaign, the controversy covinced each side of the Church that the other side was not trustworthy.
The differences between the Easterna and Western churches only grew as time went on. Eventually, the differences led to The Great Schism, or the splitting of the Church. The Great Schism formed two seperated traditions, the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. There were many differences between the two such as in the Roman Catholic Church the relgion was taught in Latin while in the Eastern Orthodox Church rituals were taught in Greek.