"and she saw that, owing to the peculiar effect of this convex mirror, the scarlet letter was represented in exaggerated and gigantic proportions, so as to be greatly the most prominent feature of her appearance"(97). When she finally sowed the A on her chest, she walks by a suit of amour and see her A on her chest through the reflection being the most noticeable thing on her body. The A represents adultery and wearing it should make you feel guilty and automatically show others that she has sinned.
"A" is supposed to represent adultery to show that you have sinned. However, not only did Hester sin, but the entire town did for judging. Judging is a sin which means the townspeople are also sinners. Although towards the end of the novel, people started to think the A meant able because she sowed clothes for people who bought and she also donated sowed clothes.
Pearl, Hester's daughter is a walking sin. She is constantly wearing red not only to show that she is a living sin to show others but to remind Hester's about her actions to further build more guilt into Hesters poor soul.
"The founders of a new colony, whatever Utopia of human virtue and happiness they might originally project, have invariably recognized it among their earliest practical necessities to allot a portion of the virgin soil as a cemetery, and another portion as the site of a prison. In accordance with this rule, it may safely be assumed that the forefathers of Boston had built the first prison-house, somewhere in the vicinity of Cornhill, almost as seasonably as they marked out the first burial-ground, on Isaac Johnson’s lot, and round about his grave, which subsequently became the nucleus of all the congregated sepulchres in the old church-yard of King’s Chapel"(45).This quote sets a tone/mood to the readers because of Hawthorne's use of diction. Hawthorne does not use any exciting or happy type words. He is writing about how the prison and cemetery are almost the first things the founders build, which is kind of setting the novel up for themes like sin, death and guilt, which are related to prisons and cemeteries. Hawthornes choice in diction seems to make his tone about this subject to be displeased with the founders of Boston, and sets the mood to be very gloomy, and gray.