Abominations are the laws or rules society or the government sets for them. The abominations affect the people because if they do not follow the laws they will be punished.
Inventions are the creations from a society that we could still be using today or used to use in our society. It affects the people because when they create something that puts advancements in their society.
A dynasty is a specific culture that, that person believes in or they feel like they belong there. A dynasty could affect a person in multiple ways like they could have advancements in power, technology, or architecture so they could be living well or weak.
The three philosophies are different ways to live by you could pick a intense way to live or a layed back or normally. That could effect the people by say there are more people could live in one then the other so maybe that Philosophies could rise to higher power.