Relied on both France and Great Britain since they were so weak.
The traffic that developed around the 18th century in which Western countries, mostly Great Britain, exported opium grown in India and sold it to China. The British used the profits from the sale of opium to purchase Chinese luxury goods as porcelain, silk, and tea, which were in great demand in the West.
Spheres of Influence
The Opium Wars started from China’s attempts to stop the opium trade. The widespread addiction in China was causing serious social and economic disruption there. In spring 1839 the Chinese government confiscated and destroyed more than 20,000 chests of opium—some 1,400 tons of the drug.
All Christians and Western missionaries need to leave or die.
The Taiping Rebellion led to the deaths of millions of Chinese. However, it’s more lasting effect was to further weaken the Chinese imperial government. Itself was so big and so dangerous to the government of the Qing Dynasty that they were forced to rely on aid from Britain and France to defeat it.
Important factors of imperialism in China!
Many European countries had spheres of influence in China that brought them great wealth in the form of trade and exploitation. The most notable were France, Germany, The Austro-Hungarian Empire, Great Britain, Italy and Russia.
Was the attempt to drive all foreigners from China. “Boxers” was the name of the Chinese secret society. By late 1899 the Boxers were openly attacking and torturing Chinese Christians and Western missionaries. In early June an international relief force of some 2,100 men was dispatched from the northern port of Tianjin to Beijing. They killed any Boxers captured.