The cause of the Persian Wars were because of Darius, the Persian King. He wanted to expand the empire. At the end of the wars, the Persians lost, unfortunately. The people that won the Persian wars were the Athenians.
Causes of the War
The Battle of Marathon took place in 490 BC, during the first Persian invasion of Greece. It was fought between the Athenians and Persia. The Athenians then ordered the messenger Pheidippides to run ahead to Athens and announce the victory of the city.
Battle of Marathon - 490 BC
The Battle of Thermopylae was fought between a combination of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas of Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I. It took place simultaneously with the battle at Artemisium.
Battle of Thermopylae - 480 BC
The Battle of Salamis was a marine battle fought between a combination of Greek city-states under Athens and Persians. The battle was fought in the mainlands of Greece, an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens, and marked the second highest point of Greece.
Battle of Salamis - 480 BC
The Battle of Plateau was the final land battle during the second Persian invasion of Greece. It took place in 479 BC near the city of Plateau. It was fought between a combination of Greek city-states including Sparta and Athens. The people that won the war were the Greeks.
Battle of Plateau - 479 BC
The effects of the wars was because the Greeks were able to regroup. To defend against the Persians, Athens formed the Delian League, making the city-state the most powerful in Greece.