4 Empires of Mesopotaimia
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Sargon of Akkad
Taught soldiers to fight in tight formations Spear-carriers extend weapons between shields Used military tactics to add territory to empire Gained control of Mesopotamia and Sumer Destroyed walls, leaving them completely defenseless Demanded loyalty from government and replacing disloyal citezens Decreed that his sons rule when time of death Name passed into legends because created first empire
Property maintain irrigation system so land remained fertile and provided food Own banks of Euphrates river Became important part of trade Traded grain, wood, gold, silver, gems, and livestock Laws treated classes differently Slaves were freed and had their own territory if paid enough money
Began in 1745 B.C.E. Conquered by Hammurabi Established own empire Perfected use of horse and iron weapons Greatly skilled in siege warfare Developed new ways of attacking Kings were forced to obey gods Dug canals for irrigation Developed one of first aqueducts Artisans were known for two-dimensional sculptures called "bas-relief" Ruled by Salamanser V. Sorgon
Rebuilt ziggurat Skilled in mathematics and astronomy Create first sundial Lasted 75yrs only 539 B.C.E. a new conqueror named Cyrus came from east while ruling Babylon Cyrus ruled for 200yrs Alexander the Great conquers Persians after
Ruled Babylonia Known for code of laws Worked to unite people Declared Marduk, supreme god, as the Babylonian god Claimed gods instructed him to create laws applied to empire Built roads and a postal service to help Babylonians communicate
Code put on public display in a temple Code spelled punishments for crime Used code to unify empire and preserve order Covered situations like trade, marriage, etc. Was written during reign from 1792 to 1750 B.C.E. Written on stele Code was notable achievement Code applied to everyone living in Babylonian empire Law code Written in cuneiform Written 3,768 B.C.E Laws were strict Punishments were equal to crime Claim authority from gods Created to reinforce power Common rules 8ft tall stone tablet
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