In "Paul Revere's Ride" Revere is just arriving in Lexington when he sees "the meeting house windows, black and bare,- gaze at him with a spectral glare, as if they already stood aghast - At the bloody work they would look upon"(Lines 98-101). This is an example of personification because the meeting house windows are potrayed as the eyes of a person watching Revere and that knew the horrors that were to come the next morning.
Imagery : Sight
As Paul Revere rows to the Charlestown shore he sees "A phantom ship, with each mast and spar -across the moon like a prison bar"(Lines 20-21). This is an example of a simile because Longfellow is comparing two unlike objects, the ship over the moon and and the bars on a prison cell, using the word "like". This gives the poem an eerie tone and helps the readers in picturing the great size and presence of the ship in the harbor.
After Paul Revere had rode into Concord town, the impending doom of the approaching battle is described using a farmer who "...was safe asleep in his bed-who at the bridge would be first to fall-who that day would be lying dead-pierced by a British musket ball"(Lines 108-111). This is an example of repitition using the word "who" in lines 109 and 110. This places emphasis on the famers fate and demonstrates the tragedy of war.
As Paul revere watches the Old North Church from across the river he sees "A glimmer, and then a gleam of light!"(Line 70). This is and example of imagery appealing to sight. Longfellow uses this in helping to show the readers Paul Revere's point of view that night. From this despcription, readers can picture how the lantern flicked dully and then lit up into a bright blaze of light.
After going their seperate ways Paul Revere's "...friend through alley and street- wanders and watches, with eager ears-till in the silence around him he hears-the muster of men at the barrack door-the sound of arms, the tramp of feet"(Lines 24-28). This is an example of rhyme using the words street and feet and ears and hears. Rhyme gives the poema musical quality, making it flow and connecting the lines.
As Paul Revere was racing to warn the people of the incoming danger "the fate of a nation was riding that night"(Line 79). This is a metaphor because fate is not literally riding on top of the horse, fate is not a physical thing, but it stands for somethig deeper. By stating this Longfellow means that the outcome of the next day's battle was up to Paul Revere and in his hands. That the impact of that night's events would last much longer than that night and the battle following it.