First off I should tell about the materials needed in the process. First they coated the body in natron, a combination of salt and baking soda. Next, they filled the body with mud from the Nile, sawdust, and lichen. Then, they wrapped it in linen and soaked in in resin or oil. The tools they used were a wooden adze, a bronze, hooked rod, a knife, and a funnel. Occasionally, they put a mask on the person, especially if they're a noble.
Hello! My name is Thutmose. I will be teaching you all about the mummification process!
After the organs were removed, they wrapped the body in linen as you can see. Then, they soaked it resins or oils. After the body was prepared, they put it in the coffin and decorated the burial with items and things needed to help them in the afterlife
Here is how they used the materials to create a mummy. First, hey soaked the body with natron and let it sit for 35 to 40 days. Then they would remove the brain and organs and replace them with sawdust or mud. They would put the organs in containers or bury them. Now Cleo is here to tell about the rest of the process.
As you can see, it is very busy behind me. That is because there is a deadline for the finishing of the tomb now that the Pharaoh is dead. The body is prepared already, however, there is one last task for the embalmers, or priests that prepare the mummy, to do. You can see him performing it behind me.
At this time, I ask you, gods, to please allow all of the items in his tomb to pass with him. Now that this has gone on for 70 days, it is time for us to close the tomb and for you, gods, to take him.
That previous scene may have been confusing with all the work going on. So I decided to go into depth about 2 things that were shown in that scene.
First, I want to explain what spells were performed by the embalmers or priests. The most important spell or prayer they performed was probably the "Opening of the Mouth,"which was only part of a bigger prayer. In that part, a priest would touch the mummy with a special instrument. Each part that was touched was released into the Afterlife, offered value to the person. For instance, if his or her mouth was touched, they would then be able to speak and eat in the Afterlife.
Next, I want to explain the things that went into the tomb. The Egyptians believed that certain things were needed to help the deceased in the Afterlife. Some examples were food so the person could eat, things that meant a lot to them such as their mask, or even their mummified pets. They also painted things on the walls that resembled important things in his or her life.
The final thing I would like to talk about is why Egyptians did this. They believed that for the body to be able to survive in the Afterlife, it needed to be preserved and be with the things that it would need in the Afterlife. This idea comes form their religion, which says that for the god Osiris to judge your soul, the body must be preserved so he could see it. Osiris was probably the most important god but that is a story for another time.
As the tomb is sealed, my tour is ended. I would like to say thanks for allowing me to teach you.