I know Titanium! It is a transition metal with low density.
The Medical Industry uses titanium for implants due to it's lightweight and durability characteristics.
How odd, the steel should be strong enough to support a person
My implant hurts really bad!!!!
Before around 1950, doctors used other metals like steel which proved to have reactions to our bodies ultimately becoming very unhealthy
Another benefit to titanium is how long it lasts and how similar it is to human bone, which means you can live a normal life without struggle
Although it is rare to develop a hypersensitivity to titanium, it is still possible. Our immune systems can identify any material as toxic and therefore react to that material as such. A study was conducted at the Practice for Dermotology and Environemtnal Medicine ins Isny, Germany, where some patients had presented reactions to titanium based dental implants.
Well what could cause a reaction within my body???
Good question. One experiment found that titanium releases ions at a faster rate when fluoride is present, increasing the metal's corrosion which could lead to a reaction from your immune system. This however is not likely to occur with an orthopedic bone replacement as fluoride is not common at large amounts. This was discussed in a Biometarials textbook published in 1998, where titanium was placed within different solutions and measured for corrosion.
1. Muller, K. E., & Valentine-Thon, E. (2006). Hypersensitivity to titanium: Clinical and laboratory evidence. doi:November 17, 2006 -Peer reviewed article on Sudies conducted on Dental implant patients, very reliable. 2. Strietzel, R., Hosch, A., Kalbfleisch, H., & Buch, D. (1998). In vitro corrosion of titanium. Biomaterials,19(16), 1495-1499. -Peer reviewed article on an experiment conducted to measure titanium corrosion. 3. Goutam, M., Giriyapura, C., Mishra, S., & Gupta, S. (2014). Titanium Allergy: A Literature Review. Indian Journal of Dermatology. -Another article on how the human body developes allergies to metals like titanium