The major cause of the Civil War was slavery. The North and the South had split views on slavery, also known as sectionalism, and because the North did not want slavery and the South did, tension was created.
Turning Point: Gettysburg
Fort Sumter was the battle that initiated the Civil War. There were no casualties for the Union or the Confederates, but the Confederates won.
End of Civil War
On January 1,1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, making it so that all slaves in rebellious states were given freedom. This created even more tension between the North and the South.
Goals of Reconstruction
This battle was the turning point for the North because it gave them the advantage for the rest of the war, when the South was ahead. The most people were killed in this battle, totaling around 50,000.
On April 9, 1865, Robert E Lee surrendered to Grant, giving victory to the North and officially ending the Civil War.
After the Civil War, slavery was abolished through the 13th amendment, the southern economy needed to be rebuilt, and the South was admitted back into the Union.