Martin Luther nails the 95 Theses to the doors of the Church
Martin Luther refuses to recant his teachings at the Diet of Worms
Recant your lies!
I cannot recant the truth.
When Martin Luther visited Rome, he saw people paying money for a piece of paper that would supposedly save their souls. Martin Luther saw this as wrong and would believed that only faith in God could save you. He realized they were taking advantage of people and decided to protest.
King Henry converts to Protestant
When Martin Luther saw the teachings of the Catholic Church as wrong and taking advantage of people because they couldn't read. When Luther saw this happening just so the Church could make money, he decided to take action. He nailed 95 complaints against the Catholic Church against their door so people could see that the church was taking advantage of them.
What if it was decided if we got into Heaven or not before we were born?
At the diet of worms in Ausburg in 1521, the pope wanted Luther to recant his teachings, because they were hurting the income and reputation of the Catholic Church. Martin Luther refused to take back his bible and teachings, which had spread around Germany. He won, and in the Peace of Ausburg, the German bibles were allowed.
King Henry lets princes decide their religion
I'm letting you pick your region's religion!
When King Henry saw Martin Luther and his teachings, he agreed with him and converted to protestant. He realized the error of the Catholic Church's ways, and saw Protestant as a religion that corrected the Catholic Church's wrongs. He saw it as the perfect religion, and became Protestant.
John Calvin also disagreed with the teachings of the Catholic Church. He started his own religion. It was similar to Lutherism. He called it Calvanism. Calvanism focused on education and had different beliefs, such as it was decided wether you would get into Heave or not before you were even born. However, if you did not follow Calvanism, you would be killed.
In one of the big steps to religious freedom, King Henry let the prince who ruled the area decide on what religion their people got to be. It wasn't complete religious freedom, but it started that movement. But you could only be the region the prince picked for you.