Mercantilism benefited Great Britain because colonists would provide resources for Great Britain. The 13 colonies were forced to do whatever Great Britain demanded because Great Britain was the Mother Country. The British began taxing the colonists to gain money. Great Britain needed extra money to pay off war debt from the French and Indian War.
The Tea Act
We won't be able to afford any more tea
Great Britain needed more money to pay from the colonists, so parliament passed The Stamp Act. The Stamp Act required colonists to buy and place stamps on paper goods. Many colonists couldn't afford to pay the extra money.
Boston Tea Party
In response to The Stamp Act, colonial leaders came up with the phrase "No Taxation Without Representation". This became a popular slogan that spread the grievances of the colonists and created more resentment towards Great Britain.
After the Boston Massacre and the Committees of Respondence, Parliament passed the Tea Act. The Tea Act said that the British had to control all tea trade. The colonists could only buy from the East India Tea Company. The colonists would be forced to pay tax on the tea.
The colonists were upset because the Tea Act was another attempt to control the colonies. The colonists responded to the Tea Act by attacking 3 ships full of tea. They were dressed up as Native Americans and dumped over 300 chests of tea into the waters.