Philosophy What is a Soul

Philosophy What is a Soul
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  • Every religion and everyone has their own beliefs of what a soul is. However, two famous philosophers have influenced most of our understanding of a soul. Aristotle and Rene Descartes. After showing you their perspective, I will ask you to share who you agree with most.
  • What is a Soul???
  • In Philosophy Class... 
  • ARISTOTLE
  • First, we have Aristotle. He believed that all living things had a soul. We'll focus on the most complex one with the highest of capabilities : the rational soul. This soul is only present in human beings and incorporates all functions all three types of souls. However, its main difference is its capacity to REASON.
  • Functions: - responsible for nutrition, growth and reproduction  -has awareness of its environment, can feel pain and move - has ability to reason
  • RENE DESCARTES = DUALIST
  • - the soul is immortal - one substance in the world = God - soul is distinct from body; not affected by same laws - soul is a part of God; cannot dissapear/die, will continue to live as long as God does
  • Rene Descartes was a dualist who believed the mind and the soul worked together. His understanding was that the soul is a distinct,  immortal aspect of us that is a part of God, so it cannot be affected by the same laws as rest of body. Therefore, when you die, the soul does not die or integrate.
  • Yeah, I also like Descartes perspective more because it makes sense how your soul would "live on" after your death. If God created us, then he created our soul and he has control over it to exist.
  • What is a Soul???
  • I personally agree with Rene Descartes perspective of dualism and how the soul is separate from the body.
  • Rene Descartes
  • I like Aristotle's idea that all living things have a soul because just like humans, animals are able to feel pain, move and are aware of environment. I also agree with what Descartes said about the soul living through God, meaning it doesn't die.
  • Aristotle
  • Alright class, by the looks of it, it seems that you all have come to an agreement. Remember that each of you are able to disagree with one another and may have different views. That's what Philosophy is all about! So... anyone care to explain their ideas??
  • What is a Soul???
  • Rene Descartes
  • Aristotle
  • Essentially, the soul is the spiritual, incorporeal part you that consists of the mind, thoughts, emotions and basically what makes you who you are. And when you die, your soul is what lives on in the afterlife, going to either heaven or hell based on how you chose to spend your life.
  • Also, we think that what Aristotle's belief that all living things have a soul is "right". Just like us, animals sense emotion, pain and are aware of their surroundings, adapting to it.
  • Actually, we agreed on a common idea that we think the soul is distinct from the body and is controlled by God, meaning it can and will live on forever, even after our death. 
  • SOUL
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