Two types of vaccines are used: an inactivated poliovirus given by injection (IPV) and a weakened poliovirus given by mouth (OPV). The World Health Organization recommends all children be fully vaccinated against polio.
To confirm the diagnosis, a sample of the throat, or a colorless fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal cord is checked for poliovirus. Infection acquired: Invades local lymphoid tissue, enters the bloodstream, and then may infect cells of the central nervous system. Replication of poliovirus in motor neurons of the anterior horn and brain stem results in cell destruction.
The illnesss lasts only days, but the paralysis can last a lifetime.