Ionian Greeks rebelled against Persia to gain independence
Battle of Marathon-490 B.C.E.
In the Battle of Marathon, King Darius tried to invade Greece, but the outnumbered Athenians defeated the Persians. Pheidippides, a messenger ran about 25 miles to Sparta and gathered Spartan troops and announced victory in Athens and he died.
Battle of Thermopylae-480 B.C.E
In the Battle of Thermopylae King Xerxes, Darius's son, made an army to travel through a narrow pass at Thermopylae. Then King Leonidas and 300 good warriors volunteered to protect Greece, while Greece prepared for the invasion. King Leonidas's warriors held off the Persians for 7 days and were killed.
The Battle of Salamis-480 B.C.E.
In the Battle of Salamis, the Athens were evacuated and captured by the Persians. The Athenian navy fought the Persian navy and won because the ships made from Athenians were more smaller and agile, unlike the Persian ships.
The Battle of Plataea-479 B.C.E.
The Effects of the Persian War
In the Battle of Plataea, the Athenian and Spartan soldiers of Greek defeat the Persians and King Xerxes was forced to leave back to Persia.
One effect was Athens became the most powerful city-state in Greece while Sparta was weakened. Athens also created the Delian League and built an empire. Also, after the Persian War, the Athens rebuild better and make a new period of time called the Golden Age.