What scientific innovation occurred in the mid-1800s and how did it affect Texas?
Hills had oil derricks scattered around everywhere.
How did railroads encourage business in some Texas cities? What effects did this have on city populations?
Life in the Texas oil fields was very hectic. There were boom towns which meant there would be tons of people. A lot of people were looking for jobs. Young farmers went to these towns looking for work. Boom towns were very filthy, rough, and crowded areas. Most of the streets became homes for the cities people.
What are some advantages of railroads over other types of transportation in Texas?
Edwin Drake to northwestern Pennsylvania. One day ,after many failed attempts, he finally struck oil. His success led others to look for oil as well. They were not as successful. In 1894 drillers were searching for water when they hit oil. The industry began to grow and soon derricks were spotted all around Texas. 4 years later they had gathered more than 839,000 barrels of oil.
Why were longhorn cattle important to the Texas cattle industry?
Toward the end of the 1800s the open range began to clear away. After windmills were introduced to farms many farmers and their crops began to expand onto the plains. Many farmers tried sheep herding especially farmers in areas with drier climates. The cattle industry experienced changes as well. Very harsh winters in the 1800s had killed thousands of cattle. Ranchers from the area soon went out of business. After all the cattle grazing the soil was damaged.
What technological innovations came to the open range? How did this affect the cattle industry?
Many texans were excited for the arrival of rail lines they hoped it would spur economic growth. Economic problems were usually caused by transportation problems. Most Texas rivers were too shallow to ship goods. Most of the dirt roads were turning to mud from wet weather because of this moving people and goods became too hard. Railroads were cheap and fast.
During the mid 1800s longhorn appeared all around Texas. The longhorns were well fit to life in Texas. While they were strong they were also resistant to Texas fever. Most were used for transportation- not food. They had huge horns. Some even used them for decoration. When the Civil War had begun the demand for beef has spiked. Around the end of the Civil War there was about 5 million cattle roaming Texas.
The open range began to disappear by the 1800s. The cattle industry had changed in many ways. Very cold winters had killed off many open range cattle. Too many ranchers began to sprout which caused overgrazing. Years of cattle grazing had stripped the grass of its nutrients making soil damaged.