Dramatic Foil: shows contrast between characters, enhancing the other character's personality and traits
Benvolio - peaceful - calm - helps others Tybalt - hot tempered - always looking for a fight - aggressive
Friar Lawrence - logical reasoning - like a father to Romeo - good advice - "wise words of wisdom" Romeo - immature - doesn't think before he does something - childish
Benvolio and Tybalt Dramatic Foil
"We should stop this fight."
"What?No! I don't care. I want to fight!"
Benvolio is trying to keep the peace and get the servants to stop fighting. Tybalt, on the other hand, encourages the fight to continue. Benvolio's peaceful, calm, and rational character contrast from Tybalt's hot-tempered, more aggressive character. When the servants are fighting, Benvolio, who's like the "peacemaker," tries to stop the fight not wanting to cause a scene. Tybalt is always looking for a fight and immediately snaps back at Benvolio due to his aggressive personality. Benvolio's peaceful and calm manner help emphasize his strong points while also bringing out and making Tybalt's tough, quick-tempered personality more obvious.
"I do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword,/Or manage it to part these men with me" (Shakespeare 1.1.64-65)
"What, drawn, and talk of peace? I hate the word/As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee./Have at thee, coward!" (Shakespeare 1.1.66-68)
Friar Lawrence and Romeo Dramatic Foil
"It's a big world after all!"
"No! Juliet is my life. Being kicked out of Verona is like being kicked out of the world. I'd rather die."
"A gentler judgement vanished from his lips—/Not body’s death, but body’s banishment" (Shakespeare 3.3.10-11).
When Friar Lawrence has to tell Romeo the punishment the prince has given him, Friar Lawrence says that he's lucky not to be sentenced to death. In response, Romeo says that exile is much worse than death. While Friar Lawrence is trying to tell Romeo to be grateful for this, Romeo's young mind and his thinking too quickly make him believe being exiled and being away from Juliet is much worse than dying. This difference in both the Friar's and Romeo's thinking shows the contrast between the Friar's logical reasoning and Romeo's young, childish personality and reasoning.
"Ha, banishment? Be merciful, say "death";/For exile hath more terror in his look,/Much more than death" (Shakespeare 3.3.12-14).
"Here from Verona art thou banishèd./Be patient, for the world is broad and wide" (Shakespeare 3.3.15-16).
Friar Lawrence is telling Romeo that there are many other places to go in the world, and that Verona is not the only place. His wise, optimistic, and logical response differs from Romeo's reasoning. Romeo feels that Verona is his entire world, and being banished from Verona is like being banished from the world, which is death. Romeo is definitely not thinking clearly and his childish assumptions and reasoning brings out the Friar's wise and logical manner. It highlights Romeo's flaws as a character and shows the contradiction between Romeo's character and the Friar's character.
"There is no world without Verona walls,/But purgatory, torture, hell itself./Hence banishèd is banished from the world,/And world's exile is death" (Shakespeare 3.3.17-20).