Geography and Development of Ancient Rome

Geography and Development of Ancient Rome
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  • Geography and location of Roman
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • Influence of Etruscan
  • The Roman civilization started about 700 B.C.E. to 476 C.E. Roman is in Italy, and it's a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. The Peninsula is shaped just like a boot and reaches to the Mediterranean Sea pointed toward the island of Sicily. 
  • Influence of Etruscan sports
  • Romulus and Remus were twins, there father was Mars, the Roman god of war. The king was afraid the boys would grow up and take over the throne, So he ordered his men to go drown them in the Tiber River. But a wolf rescued them the twins drowned. When they grew up they built a town on the banks where the wolf had found and saved them. Romulus killed his brother so he could become king of the city, which he named Rome. That is the myth of Rome. 
  • Influence of Greek Architecture
  • The two important Etruscan structures the Romans adapted to were the arch and the cuniculus. The arches rested on two pillars, which supported a half-circle of wedge-shaped stones. A keystone in the center of the other stones held the arch tightly in place. Romans adapted both of the structures and, in time, became even better engineers than the Etruscan's.
  • Influence of Greek Art, Religion, and Writing
  • The Romans add two sporting events. The first is slave fighting, two slaves of the dead master fought to the death with swords and small shields. But after the winner was congratulated the winner was executed. Second was chariot races, the charioteers were strapped to their chariots. The competitions often resulted in injury or death because they could be dragged under the chariot's wheels or trampled by the horses.
  • The Romans use ideas from Greeks  and the Etruscan's. The Romans would use Greek designs in their own public buildings.The gladiators fought in huge stadiums like the Colosseum that the Romans built. It could seat more than 200,00 spectators. 
  • A lot of the Roman writers were inspired by Greek poetry and myths. The Greeks and the Romans both wrote in all capital letters. The Etruscans and the Romans admired Greek pottery, painting, and sculpture. The Romans brought the work of Greek potters in their homes. Roman sculptors became skilled in creating life like portraits such as realistic busts, or statues showing the subject's head and shoulders. They carved life-sized statues of famous military leaders. Romans had their own gods and rituals, but their ideas about the gods evolved as they interacted with other cultures. The Romans encountered a similar god from another culture, they blended that god's characteristics with those of their own. 
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