The fourth is Carl Jung(1857-1961). Similar to Freud in his beliefs and added Freud’s theories about dreams and the unconscious mind. He Said that our ideas are influenced by the beliefs that we inherit - from our society and our civilization.
The 5th one is John Watson(1878-1958). He Believed that only behavior could be studied - saw little or no use for studying anything that could not be measured. Developed Behaviorism - study how people act and learn how to control their actions. Environment matters a ton to Watson in a child’s upbringing
The 7th one is B.F. Skinner who is another Behaviorist. Thought that only thing to study is behavior. Focused on rewards and punishments and the effects they have on our behavior. Said that the environment plays a key role in how we develop.Operant Condition: Use of reinforcement (rewards/punishment) to mold someone’s behavior.
The 6th is Ivan Pavlov(1849-1936). He Focused on the process of learning. He was a Behaviorist. Used dogs to prove that learning takes place in many different forms. Developed different theories and parts of learning. Condition (train) a response to a previously neutral stimulus.
The 8th one is Abraham Maslow, he's another Behaviorist. He Believed that people had to have certain things to grow and become successful. Also Believed that every person had lots of potential to be successful. Developed the hierarchy of needs 5 stages of human needs: Stage 1: physiological (breath, eat, sleep, drink) Stage 2: safety (security of: body, employment, resources, morality, the family, health, property) Stage 3: Love/belonging (friendship, family, sexual intimacy) Stage 4: Esteem (self-esteem, confidence, achievement, respect of others, respect by others) Stage 5: Self-actualization (morality, creativity, spontaneity, problem-solving, lack of prejudice, acceptance of facts).