Odysseus and his crew traveled to the land of the cyclops where he wanted to see if the Cyclops people are friend or foe. When they entered one of the giant people, it started to eat feast on some of the crew. They managed to escaped while taking out its eye and when the crew reaches the boat, Odysseus reveals his true name showing a central idea of pride where Odysseus wanted the Cyclops to know that a mortal man had taken his only eye.
When Odysseus finally returned home to Ithaca after 10 years of his adventures, he realized that a lot of his people thought he was dead and even became corrupted. 100 suitors wanted to marry the wife of Odysseus, Penelope. Because of this, he was filled with anger and wanted to kill all the people who aren't loyal to him. As the battle with the 100 suitors was about to begin, Telemachus ran over to Odysseus saying, “Father let me bring you a shield and spear, a pair of spears, a helmet…. Better to have equipment," showing a central idea of loyalty and a strong father son unbreakable bond
After the crew encounter with the six headed beast, Scylla, and the giant whirlpool Charybdis, they landed on the island of the Sun God, Helios. Odysseus warns his men not to kill any of the cattle on the island for which they are sacred animals to Helios and if killed drastic consequences will be enforced. Unfortunately they didn't heed his warning so when Helios threaten to no longer shine the sun, Zeus had no choice but to apply a central idea of justice in the situation and destroy Odysseus ship and killing his crew.