Considered a "golden age" because of the prosperity of this time Founded by Liu Bang Confucianism was popular paper money, nautical steering ship rudder, and the raised-relief map were all invented during this time.
Tang and Song Dynasties (1000 AD - 1450 AD
The end of the Han dynasty started the "dark ages" where there was constant warfare and China divided into three kingdoms- Wei, Shu, and Wu.
Yuan Dynasty (1279 AD- 1368 AD)
Unified the country after four centuries of division. Created an artistic and cultural renaissance. Its capital was Daxing which is now known as Xi'an.
Ming Dynasty (1368 AD - 1644 AD)
Known as China's Golden Age. Tea drinking, paper money, gunpowder, the compass and printing were all used during the Song dynasty.
First foreign-led dynasty in China, and was established by Kublai Khan. It was the first empire to use paper money as its primary currency. Marco Polo traveled here and introduced the Europeans to China.
China's population doubles. Trade is expanded to establish cultural ties to the West. Founded by Emperor Taizu, who captured Beijing then created the Ming dynasty.