The central idea of temptation connects to the story in many ways. One way being when Odysseus and his crew come upon Circes Island. This is when Odyssyus and his crew come upon her island and are tempted by food, wine and love.
The central idea of overcoming difficulties is shown in Homer's 'The Odyssey' in many ways. One being when Odysseus and his crew had to defeat the monster, Scylla. Odysseus loses all of his men in this unimaginable battle, but he still overcomes his losses and saves his own life to go on to find his way home.
The central idea of temptation connects to 'The Odyssey" in many ways. One being when Odysseus and his crew have to resist The Sirens. Other than their beauty they have these beutuful voices that distract men from Maning their ships, making them crash into the sharpest rock and the sailor and his crew go down with their ship.